Neglect can have an adverse impact on a child’s daily lived experiences including their physical, emotional, health, education and social development. Apart from being potentially fatal, neglect causes great distress to children and leads to poor health, education and social outcomes in the short and long term.

Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 defines Neglect as: The persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to:

Provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment);
Protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger;
Ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care- givers);
Ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.
It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.

Practitioners must be clear that neglect does not just indicate that there are poor home conditions all aspects must be considered as highlighted above.

Multi Agency Neglect Strategy 2019 – 2021 and Procedure

This strategy has been developed to provide a consistent approach to reducing incidents of neglect across Knowsley.

Multi Agency Neglect Strategy 2019 – 2021

Updated Neglect Procedure 2020

Graded Care Profile 2

One of the key priorities for the Knowsley Safeguarding Children Partnership is to assist all who work with children and families in assessing child neglect. The GCP2 was introduced in 2018 as the primary multi agency tool for assessing neglect, particularly when neglect is initially identified as a concern at the early help level.


The GCP2 is a practical tool which supports practitioners in measuring the quality of care delivered to an individual child from a carer/s over a short window of time and is designed to give a representative overview of the current level of care. The grades are based on observations and good quality evidence gathered. The GCP2 reviews “what it is like” for the child not “why it’s happening”. The lived experience of the child. Parental issues are taken into account during the analysis and planning stage.

The quality of care is ‘graded’ on a scale of 1 (best) to 5 (worst). The GCP2 separates out different areas of parenting and the needs of the child: physical, such as quality of food, clothes and health, care of safety, safety in carers presence and when carer is absent, emotional care, such as the relationship between the carer and child and developmental care, such as if a child is encouraged to learn and if they a praised for doing something good. These areas are based on Maslow’s principals.

The GCP2 has been rigorously evaluated and found to be reliable and valid. It can be used where neglect is suspected, giving a baseline measurement and can be used to target interventions and to monitor progress after interventions.

It can be used for all ages of children, including adolescents.

The majority of children subject to child protection plans in Knowsley are under the category of neglect. The aim of this tool is to assist staff in undertaking a comprehensive and evidence based assessment of families when neglect is known or suspected and particular emphasis should be given when neglect is first identified at early help. If you would like more information please access the NSPCC website.

It is a requirement that practitioners who have accessed the training and will be utilising the GCP2 will do so either via the Children’s Social Care ICS system or the Early Help Module (Partner agencies will need to gain access to the EHM). Please see below if you will access the tool via EHM.

Do you require EHM training? Do you have any other queries relating to the EHM? Please contact

If you require further information regarding Knowsley’s GCP2 Training Opportunities contact There will be access to Virtual GCP2 training from October 2020, this will be advertised and practiitoners will be able to book via the Training Booking Portal.

For more information regarding GCP2 principles and Frequently Asked Questions click on the following document:

Principles FAQs Graded Care Profile 2

Read the latest GCP2 7 Minute Briefing here:  7 Minute Briefing – Using the GCP2

Updated Knowsley Neglect Screening Tool 2020

The tool is intended for front line practitioners within all partner agencies as a means to quickly identify areas of concern which may indicate a child/adolescent is being neglected. It is intended to complement existing tools and if concerns are identified lead on to a GCP2 being completed. The tool is designed to be applicable to all ages of children and should help you identify neglect and associated factors across all age ranges.

Purpose of the Screening Tool
Is to equip frontline practitioners to:
• Identify signs of neglect in both children and adolescents at an early stage
• Alert the need for further action
• Identify which agency/organisation/practitioner will progress further assessment/ intervention as needed

Knowsley Neglect Screening Tool 2020

Please read the following newsletter for more information about the GCP2:

GCP2 Newsletter